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Trade-related Aspects of IPRs 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1994

Documents from 2001 to 2003 (click)

2000
A Briefing on TRIPS, 2000.
Author: World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila.

Access to essential medicines in developing countries: does the WTO TRIPS Agreement hinder it?, 2000
Author: J. Watal / Discussion Paper, Science, Technology and Development, No. 8.

Balance del proceso de adaptación legislativa al ADPIC en América Latina , 2000
Author: Francisco Allende Llona / La Federación Latinoamericana de la Industria Farmacéutica (Fifarma).

Biopatenting and the Threat to Food Security A Christian and Development Perspective, 2000
Author: Edited by Bob van Dillen and Maura Leen / CIDSE Task Group on EU, Trade and Food Security, CIDSE International Cooperation for Development and Solidarity, Brussels.

Developing Countries and TRIPS: A Case for a Full-fledged Review of Article 27.3(b), 2000
Author: Genetic Resources Action International / BRIDGES, ICTSD, Vol. 4, N°2, March 2000.

Essential Drugs in Southern Africa Need Protection from Public Health Safeguards under TRIPS, 2000.
Author: R. Loewenson / BRIDGES, ICTSD, Vol.4, N°7, September 2000.

Global trade and health: key linkages and future challenges, 2000.
Authors: Douglas W. Bettcher, Derek Yach, G. Emmanuel Guindon / Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Vol. 78, N°4.

How Stronger Patent Protection in India might affect the Behavior of Transnational Pharmaceutical Industries, 2000.
Author: Carsten Fink / Policy Research Working Paper, The World Bank Development Research Group, N°2352.

How Stronger Protection of Intellectual Property Rights Affects International Trade Flows, 2000
Authors: C. Fink, C. Primo Braga.

Human Rights Bodies Gear Up on TRIPS, 2000
Authors: P. Prove, M. Kothari / BRIDGES, ICTSD, Vol.4, N°6, July-August 2000.

In Between Biodiversity Conservation And Intellectual Property Rights, An analysis of the economic motives of TRIPS and the implementation of sui generis systems, 2000.
Author: A. Le Roy / Wageningen University, Netherlands.

It's now or never: Grappling with TRIPS in a new era of genetic resources utilization, 2000.
Author: Elpidio V. Peria / African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS).

Les connaissances autochtones et le droit de la propriété intellectuelle, 2000.
Author: Siddhartha Prakash / Notes CA, Banque Mondiale, N°19.

Lettre ouverte des ONG au Commissaire européen Lamy, 8 septembre, 2000.
Authors: ActionAid, CIDSE, Oxfam, CIEL.

Micro-organisms, Definitions and Options under TRIPS, 2000.
Authors: M. Adcock, M. Llewelyn / Occasional Paper 2, Quaker United Nations Office (QUNO).

NGO sign-on letter to Pascal Lamy, EC Commissioner for Trade, 2000.
Authors: Action Aid, CIDSE, CIEL and Oxfam UK.

Non-violation Complaints and the TRIPS Agreement: Some Considerations for WTO Members, 2000.
Authors: M. Stilwell, E. Tuerk / South Centre - Centre for International Environmental Law (CIEL) project.

"Pandora's Box": TRIPS Article 27(3)(b) and the CBD, 2000.
Authors: R, Lettington, M. Manek / Genetic Engineering & Intellectual Property Rights Resource Center (IATP).

Pharmaceuticals and the WTO TRIPS Agreement: Questions and Answers, 2000.
Authors: P. Boulet, J. Perriens, F. Renaud-Théry, G. Velasquez / Joint UNAIDS/WHO publication.

Por una Revision Completa del articulo 27.3(b) de los TRIPS, Actualización de las posturas de los países en vías de desarrollo frente a los intentos de patentar la vida en la OMC, 2000.
Author: Genetic Resources Action International (GRAIN).

Privatisation des moyens de survie : La commercialisation de la biodiversité de l’Afrique, 2000.
Author: Rachel Wynberg / Commerce Mondial et Biodiversité en Conflit, Fondation Gaia et GRAIN, N°5.

Privatising the Means for Survival: The Commercialisation of Africa's Biodiversity, 2000.
Author: Rachel Wynberg / Global Trade and Biodiversity in Conflict, Biowatch, GRAIN, Gaia Foundation, Issue N°5, April 2000.

Propriété Intellectuelle, semences et sécurité alimentaire, Note technique, 2000.
Authors: Réseau Européen de Sécurité Alimentaire (RESAL), SOLAGRAL.

Regulatory Standards in the WTO: Comparing Intellectual Property Rights with Competition Policy, Environmental Protection, and Core Labor Standards, 2000.
Author: K. Maskus / Institute for International Economics.

Requiring disclosure of the origin of genetic resources and prior informed consent in patent applications without infringing the TRIPS Agreement: the problem and the solution, 2000.
Author: N. Pires de Carvalho / Washington University Journal of Law and Policy, N°2.

Review of TRIPS Agreement under Article 71.1, 2000.
Authors: M. Stilwell, C. Monagle / South Centre - Centre for International Environmental Law (CIEL) project.

Seeding Solutions: Volume 1 - Policy Options for Genetic Resources, 2000.
Author: The Crucible II Group / International Development Research Centre (IDRC).

Study in the relationship between the agreement on TRIPS and biodiversity related issues, 2000.
Author: Centre for European Agricultural Studies.

Technical Issues on Protecting Plant Varieties by Effective Sui Generis Systems, 2000.
Author: F. Mangeni / South Centre - Centre for International Environmental Law (CIEL) project.

The Andean Community’s New Industrial Property Regime: Creating Synergies between the CBD and Intellectual Property Rights, 2000.
Author: M. Ruiz / BRIDGES, ICTSD, Vol. 4, N°9, November-December 2000.

The Canadian Generic Medicines Panel A Dangerous Precedent in Dangerous Times, 2000.
Author: R. Howse / BRIDGES, ICTSD, Vol.4, N°3, April 2000.

The Sustainable Development Effects of the WTO TRIPS Agreement: A Focus on Developing Countries, 2000.
Author: A. Cosbey / International Institute for Sustainable Development.

The TRIPS Agreement: A Comment Inspired by Frederick Abbott’s Presentation, 2000.
Author: T.N. Srinivasan.

The TRIPS Agreement comes of age: conflict or cooperation with the developing countries?, 2000.
Author: J.H. Reichman / Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, Vol. 32, N°3, pp.441-470.

Trade-offs and Trade Linkages: TRIPS in a Negotiating Context, 2000.
Author: P. Drahos / Occasional Paper 1, Quaker United Nations Office (QUNO).

Who Enjoys "TRIPs" Abroad? An Empirical Analysis of Intellectual Property Rights in the Uruguay Round, 2000.
Author: Phillip McCalman / Department of Economics, University of California.

1999
ADPIC contre biodiversité: Que faire de la révision de l'article 27.3(b) en 1999?, 1999.
Author: Genetic Resources Action International (GRAIN).

Au-delà de l'UPOV, 1999.
Author: Genetic Resources Action International (GRAIN).

Beyond UPOV: Examples of developing countries preparing non-UPOV sui generis plant variety protection schemes for compliance with TRIPs, 1999.
Author: Genetic Resources Action International (GRAIN).

Biodiversité et propriété intellectuelle : quels enjeux pour l'Afrique?, 1999.
Author: Jacqueline Lohoues-Oble / Actes Commerce et environnement : l'Afrique absente ?, Solagral.

Biodiversité et propriété intellectuelle : quels enjeux pour l'Afrique? 1/3, 1999.
Author: Jacqueline Lohoues-Oble / Actes Commerce et environnement : l'Afrique absente ?, Solagral.

Biodiversité et propriété intellectuelle : quels enjeux pour l'Afrique? 2/3, 1999.
Author: Jacqueline Lohoues-Oble / Actes Commerce et environnement : l'Afrique absente ?, Solagral.

Biodiversité et propriété intellectuelle : quels enjeux pour l'Afrique? 3/3, 1999.
Author: Jacqueline Lohoues-Oble / Actes Commerce et environnement : l'Afrique absente ?, Solagral.

Biodiversité et propriété intellectuelle : quels enjeux pour l'Afrique? 3/3, 1999.
Author: Jacqueline Lohoues-Oble / Actes Commerce et environnement : l'Afrique absente ?, Solagral.

Commerce, propriété intellectuelle, alimentation et diversité biologique, 1999.
Author: Geoff Tansey / Document de discussion, écrit pour Le Comité Quaker pour la paix et le service (Quaker Peace & Service), Londres, En association avec le bureau Quaker auprès des Nations Unies, Genève.

Essential drugs in the new international economic environment, 1999.
Authors: German Velasquez, Pascale Boulet / Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Vol. 77, N°3.

Globalization and Access to Drugs. Perspectives on the WTO/TRIPS Agreement , 1999.
Authors: G. Velasquez, P. Boulet / WHO Health Economics and Drugs, DAP Series, N°7.

Implementing the TRIPS Agreement on Patents Optimal Legislative Strategies for Developing Countries, 1999.
Author: Jayashree Watal / in Competitive Strategies for the Protection of Intellectual Property, edited by Owen Lippert, The Fraser Institute, Vancouver, Canada, pp. 105-123.

Intellectual Property Issues for the New Round, 1999.
Author: K. Maskus / Prepared for the conference “Preparing for the Seattle Ministerial”, Institute for International Economics.

Intellectual Property Protection, Biotechnology and Developing Countries: Will the TRIPS be Effective?, 1999.
Authors: W.A. Kerr, J.E. Hobbs, R. Yampoin / AgBioForum, Vol. 2, N°3/4, pp.203-211.

Intellectual Property Protection in the World Trade Organization Major Issues in the Millennium Round, 1999.
Authors: Sylvia Ostry / in Competitive Strategies for the Protection of Intellectual Property, edited by Owen Lippert, The Fraser Institute, Vancouver, Canada, pp. 193-206.

Intellectual Property Rights and Agriculture: Interests of Developing Countries 1999.
Author: Jayashree Watal / Paper Prepared for the World Bank's Integrated Program of Research and Capacity Building to enhance participation of developing countries in the 2000 WTO Negotiations.

Intellectual Property Rights and Globalization: Implications for Developing Countries, 1999.
Author:
C. Juma / Discussion Paper, Science, Technology and Development, N°4.

Intellectual Property Rights and the Pharmaceutical Industry The Consequence of Incomplete Protection, 1999.
Author:
William McArthur / in Competitive Strategies for the Protection of Intellectual Property, edited by Owen Lippert, The Fraser Institute, Vancouver, Canada, pp. 85-104.

Intellectual Property Rights and the Use of Compulsory Licences: Options for Developing Countries, 1999.
Author:
C. Correa / South Centre.

New Round Preparation, The TRIPS Agreement, 1999.
Author:
NGO Paper.

Patenting Life? A primer on the TRIPS Review, 1999.
Authors:
MASIPAG, TEBTEBBA Foundation and GRAIN.

Promoting Biopiracy, Blocking the TRIPS Reform: Seattle and the politics of the W.T.O./TRIPS Review, 1999.
Author:
Dr. Vandana Shiva.

Reaping What You Sow: An Empirical Analysis of International Patent Harmonization, 1999.
Author:
Phillip McCalman.

Relations entre les droits de propriété intellectuelle et les dispositions pertinentes de l'Accord sur les aspects des droits de propriété intellectuelle qui touchent au commerce et la Convention sur la diversité biologique, 1999.
Author:
UICN / Réunion intersessions sur le fonctionnement de la Convention, Montréal, Canada, 28-30 juin 1999

Review of the Provisions of Article 27.3 (b), 1999.
Author:
European Union.

Séminaire "Commerce Internationnal, Environnement et développement: Enjeux et Perspectives pour le Continent Africain, 1999.
Author: SOLAGRAL / Grand-Bassam, Côte d’Ivoire, 6-8 Avril 1999.

Sharing the benefits of biodiversity: access regimes and intellectual property rights, 1999.
Author: G. Dutfield / Discussion Paper, Science, Technology and Development, Center for International Development and Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University, N° 6.

The European Union and the Protection of Intellectual Property Rights, 1999.
Author: Houbehi.

The Failure of WTO at Seattle and the Implications for the Implementation of TRIPS, 1999.
Author: Hauz Khas / Research Foundation for Science, Technology and Ecology.

The political ecology of intellectual property rights over life forms processes, 1999.
Author: J.A. Gari / African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS).

The TRIPS Agreement Without a Competition Agreement?, 1999.
Authors: T. Cottier, I. Meitinge / Working Paper, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, N°65.

The TRIPS and the CBD - an industry viewpoint, 1999.
Author: K. Becker / African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS).

Trade, Intellectual Property, Food and Biodiversity: Key Issues and Options for the 1999 Review of Article 27.3(b) of the TRIPS Agreement, 1999.
Author: G. Tansey / A Discussion Paper, commissioned by Quaker Peace and Service London in association with Quaker United Nations Office (QUNO).

TRIPS and Developing Countries: The Seattle Round and Beyond, 1999.
Author: A. Subramanian / Paper Presented to the Conference on Developing Countries and the New Multilateral Round of Trade Negotiations, Harvard University, November 5-6, 1999.

TRIPS and its potential impact on Indigenous Peoples, 1999.
Author: Victoria Tauli-Corpuz / Echoes, the World Council of Churches' cluster on "Issues and Themes", Justice, Peace and Creation team.

TRIPS and Pharmaceuticals, 1999.
Author: Eva Ombaka / Echoes, the World Council of Churches' cluster on "Issues and Themes", Justice, Peace and Creation team.

TRIPS and the WTO: An Uneasy Marriage, 1999.
Author: A. Panagariya / This paper grew out of a seminar presentation made at the WTO on July 20, 1999.

TRIPS, Biodiversity and Commonwealth Countries: capacity building priorities for 1999 review of TRIPS Article 27.3 (b), 1999.
Author: Patrick Mulvany / A discussion Paper prepared for the Commonwealth Secretariat and Quaker Peace & Service.

TRIPS, property rights and biodiversity 1/2, 1999.
Author: Imeru Tamrat / Actes Commerce et Environnement: l'Afrique absente?, Solagral.

TRIPS, property rights and biodiversity 2/2, 1999.
Author: Imeru Tamrat / Actes Commerce et Environnement: l'Afrique absente?, Solagral.

TRIPS, Traps or Dice? Gambling with world food security, 1999.
Author: RAFI (Rural Advancement Foundation International) / Echoes, the World Council of Churches' cluster on "Issues and Themes", Justice, Peace and Creation team.

TRIPS versus biodiversity: what to do with the 1999 review of Article 27.3(b), 1999.
Author: Genetic Resources Action International (GRAIN).

TRIPS vs Biodiversidad: Qué hacer con la revisión del artículo 27.3(b) en 1999, 1999.
Author: Genetic Resources Action International (GRAIN).

Why We Should Reject Biotech Patents from TRIPS, 1999.
Authors: Mae-Wan Ho and Terje Traavik / Institute of Science in Society.

1998
Implementing TRIPs in developing countries, 1998.
Author: Carlos M. Correa / Third World Economics, N°189.

Intellectual Property Rights, International Trade and Development, 1998.
Author: Muriel Balland / Seminar: International Trade, Environment and Development, Institute of Economics, University of Copenhagen.

La Propiedad Intelectual en la Era del ADPIC, 1998.
Authors: entrevista con Joseph Papovich, representante adjunto de Comercio de Estados Unidos para servicios, inversiones y propiedad intelectual, y Claude Burcky, director de la Sección de Propiedad intelectual de la Oficina de la Representante de Comercio de Estados Unidos / Perspectivas Económicas, La Propiedad Intelectual en el Mercado Mundial, Publicación electrónica del Servicio Informativo y Cultural de Estados Unidos (USIS), Vol. 3, N°2, mayo de 1998.

La Propriété Intellectuelle dans le contexte de l'Accord sur les ADPIC, 1998.
Author: Entretien avec MM. Joseph Papovich / Perspectives économiques, revue électronique de l'Agence d'information des États-Unis, Vol. 3, N° 3.

Review of the TRIPS Agreement, 1998.
Authors: A. Seiler, J. van Wijk, M. Massieu, V. Lehmann, C. Håkansta, A. Kirschenmann, F. Kirschenmann, N. Ngoc Hai / Biotechnology and Development Monitor, N°34.

The Intellectual Property Rights Debate: The WTO Needs Citizens’ Advice on Patents over Life, 1998.
Authors: D.R. Downes, M. Stilwell / BRIDGES, ICTSD, Vol. 2, N°8, November-December 1998.

Towards a World Transnational's Organisation?, 1998.
Author: M. Vander Stichele / WTO Booklet Series, Transnational Institute, 30 April 1998, Vol. 3.

TRIPS and Biodiversity: Towards the 1999 Review, 1998.
Author: R. Tarasofsky / BRIDGES, ICTSD, Vol. 2, N°3, April-May 1998.

TRIPS, Biotechnology and Global Competition, 1998.
Author: G. Alam / Briefing Paper, Consumer Unity and Trust Society (CUTS), N° 2.

TRIPS versus CBD: conflicts between the WTO regime of intellectual property rights and sustainable biodiversity management, 1998.
Authors: Gaia Foundation, GRAIN / Global Trade and Biodiversity in Conflict, Issue N°1.

1997
Beyond Article 27[3b]: Can the TRIPS Agreement Protect Biological and Cultural Diversity?, 1997.
Author: G. Dutfield / BRIDGES, ICTSD, Vol. 1, N°3, September 1997.

Building the ‘Capacity To Trade’ through Trade-Related Policy Reform: Towards Revising the Agreement on Agriculture and the Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights, 1997.
Authors: K. Dawkins, S. Suppan / NGO Symposium on Trade-Related Issues the Affecting Least-Developed Countries (in Preparation for the WTO High Level Meeting on LDCs), 25-26 September 1997.

Health Economics: The Uruguay Round and Drugs, 1997.
Author:
Carlos M. Correa / WHO.

The TRIPS Agreement: A Guide for the South, 1997.
Author: South Centre.

1996
Intellectual Property, Trade, and Economic Development: A Road Map for the FTAA Negotiations, 1996.
Authors: Robert M. Sherwood and Carlos A. Primo Braga / The North-South Agenda, Paper N°21.

1994
People, Plants, and Patents: The Impact of Intellectual Property on Trade, Plant Biodiversity, and Rural Society, 1994.
Author: The Crucible Group / International Development Research Centre (IDRC).
© ICTSD 2004 - Last Update: 05-Oct-2009